Comparative Income Statement: Examples, Analysis and Format

You can use a comparative income statement to look at important financial figures. For example, you compare last year’s return on investment is it time to switch to paying quarterly taxes (ROI) to the current year. This tells you if the money you put into your business brings in a greater amount of income.

Furthermore, such a statement helps in a detailed analysis of the changes in line-wise items of the income statement. Preparing Comparative Financial Statements is the most commonly used technique for analyzing financial statements. This technique determines the profitability and financial position of a business by comparing financial statements for two or more time periods.

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It allows users to analyze the changes in revenues, expenses, and net income across different periods, making it easier to identify trends, growth patterns, and areas of concern. A comparative income statement showcases the operational results of the business for multiple accounting periods. It helps the business owner to compare the results of business operations over different periods of time.

However, the net profit also increased, indicating improved profitability. Financial statements are prepared by businesses to determine their financial situation for a certain time. The fundamental goal of creating financial statements is to gain an understanding of the organisation’s financial health. Comparative income statements are one of the most often utilised techniques for doing financial analysis of business statements. Find out the absolute change in the items mentioned in the income statement.

  • Comparative statements are less reliable when companies undergo huge changes.
  • Now given this, let’s try to understand how a comparative statement is interpreted using an example.
  • A comparative income statement presents the results of multiple accounting periods in separate columns.
  • Comparative statements show the effect of business decisions on a company’s bottom line.

Recognising the rise allows you to discover methods to lower COGS. Patriot’s online accounting software is easy-to-use and generates income statements from the transactions you enter. Comparative Balance sheet helps to identify the increase or decrease in non-operating incomes or expenses. Understanding the overall profitability of a business concern taking into consideration the changes in the net profit of the given accounting periods.

Comparative income statement analysis

Moreover, it is also known as Trend Analysis due to its ability to analyse trends. The comparative income statement displays absolute values, changes in absolute figures, infinite data in percentage terms, and a rise (or decrease) in percentages over time. Comparative statements are crucial for various stakeholders, including investors, lenders, and management. They offer a comprehensive view of a company’s financial performance, making it easier to identify trends, patterns, and potential areas for improvement. By analyzing comparative statements, businesses can make informed decisions, create strategies, and measure their progress towards financial goals. Thus, this analysis helps the business owner to compare his business performance with other businesses in the industry.

Advantages of a Comparative Income Statement

By looking at individual statements, you see results for one accounting period. But, sometimes, you want to know long-term effects and compare more than one period. Comparative income statement definition approach depicts the change in quantity in both absolute and percentage terms over time. It facilitates trend analysis and is hence also known as Trend Analysis. The Horizontal Analysis Technique makes it simple to observe growth trends and seasonality.

The analyses help you make sense of your comparative profit and loss statement and see patterns. There has been a significant increase in “Other Income” both in absolute and relative terms. Also, there has been a substantial decrease in “Other Expenses” both in absolute and relative terms. Thus, these items on the income statement lead to an improvement in the Profit Before Tax for the year 2018 as against 2017. Now given this, let’s try to understand how a comparative statement is interpreted using an example. Consider the following income statement for M/s Singhania for the years ended December 31st, 2017 and December 31st, 2018.

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Find out the absolute change in the items mentioned in the balance sheet. This is done by subtracting the previous year’s item amounts from the current year ones. This increase or decrease in absolute amounts are mentioned in Column III of the comparative balance sheet. The statement is set up with a column for each accounting period, such as for the years 2011 to 2014, or for the months of January, February, and March. The comparative income statement is a very useful tool for business owners.

Preparation of Comparative Income Statement (Statement of Profit & Loss)

Finally, there is a considerable increase seen in the fixed assets of the company. Accordingly, the fixed assets increased by Rs 79,000 or 64.9% from the year 2017 to 2018. This was on account of the huge addition made to the plant and machinery by the company in the given accounting periods. A comparative income statement will consist of two or three columns of amounts appearing to the right of the account titles or descriptions. For example, the income statement for the year 2022 will report the amounts for each of the years 2022, 2021, and 2020. As a courtesy to the reader, the amounts from the most recent period are in the column closest to the titles.

What is a Comparative Statement?

Similarly, when financial statements of two or more firms are compared over a number of years then it is known as an inter-firm comparison. Comparative statements can also be used to compare different companies, assuming that they follow the same accounting principles. For example, they can show how different businesses operating in the same industry react to market conditions.

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